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College of Psychologists of Ontario

The College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) is the governing body for psychologists and psychological associates in Ontario. The Office of the Fairness Commissioner (OFC) oversees the registration practices of the CPO to ensure that they are transparent, objective, impartial and fair for anyone who wants to practise as a psychologist or psychological associate in this province.

Registration Practices Assessment Report, 2014

This summary of the assessment includes recommendations for improvement.


Fair Registration Practices (FRP) Report, 2012

Applications to Practise Processed by the CPO in 2012
Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 Jurisdiction Where Applicants Received Their Training Total
Ontario Other Canadian Provinces USA Other International Unknown
New applications received1134851190231
Applicants who became members944832120186

Fair Registration Practices (FRP) Report, 2011

Registration Practices Assessment Report — Summary (Psychologists)

Applications to Practise Processed by the CPO in 2011
Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 Jurisdiction Where Applicants Received Their Training Total
Ontario Other Canadian Provinces USA Other International Unknown
New applications received995749270232
Applicants who became members632720110121

Fair Registration Practices (FRP) Report, 2010

Applications to Practise Processed by the CPO in 2010
Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 Jurisdiction Where Applicants Received Their Training Total
Ontario Other Canadian Provinces USA Other International Unknown
New applications received62362414n/a136
Applicants who became members7344247n/a148

Fair Registration Practices (FRP) Report, 2009
Audit Report

Information to Applicants: The CPO is improving its systems for tracking applicants' progress and for communicating with applicants. This will help ensure timely and more efficient communications.

The CPO also now provides detailed, written reasons to applicants when it communicates registration decisions.

For a description of all OFC-monitored developments for this profession for 2009, see the 2009-2010 Annual Report.

Applications to Practise Processed by the CPO in 2009
Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 Jurisdiction Where Applicants Received Their Training Total
Ontario Other Canadian Provinces USA Other International Unknown
New applications received782837210164
Applicants who became members752132100138

Fair Registration Practices (FRP) Report, 2008

Applications to Practise Processed by the CPO in 2008
Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 Jurisdiction Where Applicants Received Their Training Total
Ontario Other Canadian Provinces USA Other International Unknown
New applications received693244150160
Applicants who became members64153320114

During the fall and winter of 2007-2008, the OFC undertook a study of the CPO to understand its 2007 registration practices and establish baseline data and information. PDF

Exemplary Practices

The OFC gathers regulatory bodies' exemplary licensing practices so that they may learn from one another. Practices for the College of Psychologists of Ontario are listed below.

  1. Recognizing certified copies of transcripts

    This practice makes registration more efficient and...

  2. Taking measures to increase capacity to monitor timelines

    These initiatives may interest regulators who want...


Quick Facts

Number of Psychologists, Psychological Associates3,538
Number of Internationally Trained Psychologists, Psychological Associates146

You may find information about exam requirements and Canadian work experience requirements elsewhere on this site.


Location of Training, 2012

Ontario2,379
Other Canadian Provinces482
USA531
Other International146
Unknown0
Total3,538
Proportion of Internationally Trained Members (includes USA)19%

The College of Psychologists of Ontario falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. The OFC does not assess credentials, handle complaints or intervene in particular cases. Our mandate is one of systemic change. Please contact the CPO for further information about your ability to practise as a psychologist or psychological associate in Ontario.

Vigilance and Action

The OFC raised concerns about proposals that Ontario require psychologists to earn a doctoral degree, while other provinces accept a master’s degree – creating a potential double-standard under labour mobility laws. The CPO created the Task Force on Shaping the Future of Psychology in Ontario to address this issue. It proposed to:

  • stop master’s-level registration
  • grand-parent current 'psychological associates' as psychologists
  • create a system to evaluate internationally (non-U.S.) trained applicants

The OFC is monitoring the situation.

September 2013